What Is Double-Entry Accounting? Basics & Examples Video & Lesson Transcript

What Is Double-Entry Accounting? Basics & Examples Video & Lesson Transcript

double entry accounting examples

Expenses, which subtract from equity, have a debit normal balance from equity. Doube-entry accounting ensures that the total amount of debits equals the total amount of credits. Learn the basics of how this accounting system is reflected in journals and ledgers through examples, and understand the concept of normal balances. Double-entry accounting and double-entry bookkeeping both use debits and credits to record and manage financial transactions. Accounting software usually produces several different types of financial and accounting reports in addition to the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows.

  • The Excel-based system makes project control charting easy, even for those with little or no background in statistics.
  • However, the accounting program generally enters this information into another general ledger, thus making it a double-entry system.
  • The following chart summarizes the impact of debits and credits for each of the five types of accounts.
  • Double-entry accounting is a method for booking journal entries to reflect financial activity by updating two or more accounts with equal and opposite debits and credits.
  • A given company can add accounts and tailor them to more specifically reflect the company’s operations, accounting, and reporting needs.
  • The double entry system helps accountants reduce mistakes, it also helps by providing a good check and balance benefit.

With double-entry in accounting, record two or more entries for every transaction. Now that we have talked about the double entry bookkeeping system, let’s move on to recording journal entries. This entry puts an account receivable on the books by debiting the asset and records revenue earned with a credit. The accounting equation defines a company’s total assets as the sum of its liabilities and shareholders’ equity. Bookkeeping and accounting are ways of measuring, recording, and communicating a firm’s financial information.

Only Double-Entry Accounting Meets Certain Business Needs

A debit is always on the left side of the ledger, while a credit is always on the right side of the ledger. Once you decide to transition to double-entry accounting, just follow these easy steps. Expense accounts show money spent, including purchased goods for sale, payroll costs, rent, and advertising. Peggy James is an expert in accounting, corporate finance, and personal finance. She is a certified public accountant who owns her own accounting firm, where she serves small businesses, nonprofits, solopreneurs, freelancers, and individuals. After you make all the entries for the transaction, check that your books are balanced. But with a little practice, you’ll be a pro at the double-entry accounting system in no time.

Debits do not always equate to increases and credits do not always equate to decreases. Recordkeeping is handled as single entry accounting and double entry accounting. The former deals with making a one-time entry into an account, be it an expense or income. On the contrary, the latter is about making two entries simultaneously to two different accounts and marking both the debit and credit sides. At the end of it all, double entry ensures the balancing of the accounting equation that Assets are equal to Liabilities plus the Owner’s Equity every time. For instance, in the above example, when the Advert Expense was opened it affected the Owner’s Equity and decreased it. As such, the Cash asset did decrease in the process also decreasing the capital of the owner inside Owner’s Equity.

Double-Entry Accounting Purposes

A debit is an entry made on the left side of an account while a credit is an entry on the right side. Single-entry bookkeeping is very different from the double-entry method. Just like it sounds, you record one entry for every transaction with single-entry. Regardless of which version of history is most accurate, double-entry accounting has been around for double entry accounting a long time and is the bedrock on which accounting rests. According to, double-entry has its origins in the 1400s when it was used by merchants to keep an accurate record of the goods that they sold. The concept was discovered and formally documented by Luca Pacioli, a monk from Venice who included double-entry in his encyclopedia on math in 1494.

What is single entry and double entry in accounting?

Single-entry and double-entry accounting are both methods of record-keeping for companies' financial transaction data. Single-entry accounting records each transaction one single time, while double-entry accounting records each transaction twice, once as a debit and once as a credit.

If your accounts are being managed manually, this will require the use of more books to track transactions. However, most accounting software makes the double-entry method easier by helping to automate records.

Who Uses Double-Entry Accounting?

Let’s explore some real-world examples of double-entry accounting for common business transactions. Each scenario uses a typical journal entry style that lists the account names, debits on the left, credits on the right and a memo below. In keeping with double entry, two accounts need to be involved. Because the first account was debited, the second account needs to be credited. Common stock is part of stockholders’ equity, which is on the right side of the accounting equation. As a result, it should have a credit balance, and to increase its balance the account needs to be credited.

Double-entry accounting requires two entries for each transaction, a debit, and a credit. The offsetting debit and credit transactions might look appear as follows in the bookkeeper’s journal. The firm could, for instance, credit $100,000 to another asset account, reducing that account balance by $100,000.

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